The Radio Rose of Texas by Derek Burroughs, jr.

Chapter 1: Texan Radio takes to the air in Europe. Attempt of a diary of the Olga Patricia stations.

Part 4.

Updated on February 28th, 2007.

 

March 1967

 

Wednesday, March 1st, 1967. Radio Dolfijn/Britain Radio.

 

Carstead Advertising Ltd opens an office in Berthalostraat, Amsterdam.

 

Thursday, March 9th, 1967. Radio Dolfijn/Britain Radio.

 

”Het Engelse radioschip Dolfijn is gisteravond geruisloos binnegelopen via de sluizen van IJmuiden naar een kleine Zaanse werf om een schoonmaakbeurt te ondergaan en repaaraties te laten verrichten aan de tijdens het stormweer beschadigde zendmast en schakelapparatur..”

 

 

John Withers. In Radio News(in London Weekly Advertiser and National Advertiser) of January 31st, 1967. Photo:Unknown.

 

Meanwhile in the Hilton hotel in Amsterdam, in a Dutch press interview, with John Withers, new programme director his Benelux agent Basil A.van Rensburg, plus American Pierce Langford III claims to be an investor of the operation,  re-financed by Bahamian company Viscaya Inc. ”The name of the game is money.”(From ©Hans Knot’s archive)

 

 

“Bij windkracht 10 knapte 12 meter van de 70 meter hoge mast af”, but “no panic.” Then, together with Jos van Vliet, Dave MacKay(and Alan Black-editor) went with the Olga Patricia from Harwich to Zaandam after the antenna mast broke on  Feb.28th, 1967. Dutch press March 9th, 1967.

 

Thursday, March 11th, 1967. Radio Dolfijn/Britain Radio.

 

 

In the Londoner Hotel in London’s Welbeck Street Peir-Vick Ltd. is liquidated on March 11th, 1967 with a debt of 113,601 Pound Sterling. Bill Vick is in charge for the Olga Patricia stations for the last time. From ©Hans Knot’s archive.

 

Monday 13th, 1967. Britain Radio.

 

 

A tremendous experience. Jack Curtiss leaves the Olga operation for San Francisco. From Radio News(in London Weekly Advertiser and National Advertiser) of February 28th, 1967.

 

Thursday, March 16th, 1967. Radio 355.

 

Transmission on 845 kc.

 

2000- identifying "Radio 3-5-5" Easy Listening, similar to 390. Stephen West on air?

 

Thursday, March 16th, 1967. Radio 227.

 

Transmission on 1322 kc.

 

2230-2300(local midnight) identifying " Radio 2-2-7" Easy Listening, similar to Dolfijn. Organ music, name of the presenter Jos van Vliet?

      

 

1967 and another station on the Laissez Faire, this time run for the Texas investors by Carstead Advertising and Ted Allbeury. From ©Hans Knot’s archive.

 

 

The Texan Pirates. Daily Mail for April 7th, 1967. From ©Hans Knot’s archive.

 

May 1967

 

 

 

An early Radio 355 programme schedule inspired by Radio 390. The additions suggest it is from May, 1967. From ©Hans Knot’s archive.[1]

 

Sunday, May 21st, 1967. Radio 227.

 

Transmission on 1322 kc.

 

Matinee w?

Ad for Channel Airways turpoprop

Exota Limonade

 

Tuesday, May 30th, 1967. Radio 227.

 

Transmission on 1322 kc.

 

Lex Harding/Tony Windsor

 

Opening of new 227 Top 40 format. ”The new Radio Double 2-7”[2]

 

Tuesday, May 30th, 1967. Radio 355.

 

Transmission on 845 kc.

 

2000-2030 R&B w Stephen West

 

 

June 1967

 

Saturday, June 10th, 1967. Radio 227.

 

Transmission on 1322 kc.

 

Country Style w Look Boden

Beatboat w Dick Weeda

 

Thursday, June 15th, 1967. Radio 227.

 

Radio 227 sponsors ”Teach-In” for young artists ”in de Scala-bodega in Den Haag”. ”Peter Koelewijn van muziekuitgeverij Altona, de grote tegenspieler van Basart, zei. ”Wij moeten door deze verhouding nu wel zoveel mogelijk werken met Radio 227, omdat dit voor ons de beste mogelijkheden biedt.”(”Alle hoop gevestigd-op Radio 227-”, Dutch newspaper, From ©Hans Knot’s archive)

 

 Monday, June 19th, 1967? Radio 227.

 

Transmission on 1322 kc.

 

1240-1325 Lunch Show w Look Boden

 

Sunday, June 20th, 1967. Radio 227.

 

Transmission on 1322 kc.

 

1900-1920 Beatles Show w Lex Harding/Tom Collins

 

Sunday, June 20th, 1967. Radio 227.

 

Transmission on 1322 kc.

 

2030-2047 John van Doorn

 

Memories of Radio 355 by Phil Champion(1985)[3]

 

I tuned in one Saturday early in June 1967 at about 1130 to find Stephen West nearing the end of a 3 hour show. With its bright MOR format featuring the more easy-listening current hits, this was a major change from the more restrained music of the ½ or 1-hour shows of the previous few months. As announced, at 1200 Tony Windsor took over for the next 3-hour slot in “Windsor’s Castle”, beginning with his theme tune: a swingy version of “Waltzing Mathilda” by Frank Ifield.

 

Stephen West left and returned to Radio 390, so Tony took over the 0900-1200 show the following morning. I don’t think the Windsor’s Castle” title was used again. After Caroline North, 355 became my second favorite station, its format being a refreshing change from the other "pirates". Yet you could still hear pop records like Judith Durham(of the Seekers) singing “The Olive Tree” and the Hollies “Carrie Anne”. I seem to remember that the evening shows had rather more relaxed music. The djs were lively, although one who was on at 2200(John Ross-Barnard?) was very relaxed.

 

A few notes about programmes. “355’s Easy Listening Hit Parade” was actually a Top 40. It went out Sundays, 1200-1400 and was presented by Mark Sloane the first time I heard it. Other djs to later present this show were Martin Kayne and John Aston.

 

Programme line-ups did change around:

 

0600 Breakfast Club(Alan Black)

0900 The Tony Windsor show-later the Martin Kayne show, then the Tony Monson show.

1200 The Mark Sloane show, also Martin Kayne and John Aston did this slot.

1500 MacKay’s Music, also Martin Kayne

1800 The Tony Windsor show, Tony Monson show, then Alan Black ”AB Spree”.

1900-1930 355 Countryfied. Alan Black and Tony Monson.

2000 John Ross Barnard?

2200 Close down.

 

Each day, Mon-Sat had a ”Coffeee Break”feature from 1100-1115. The country programme was introduced after a few weeks. It was soon broadcast over Radio 227 at the same time.

Transmissions were later extended to 2400(up to 2200 being John Aston or Dave MacKay and 2200-2355 with Martin Kayne or Mark Sloane.

Djs spent one week on, one week off if I remember correctly.

So ended what to me was one of the great stations of offshore radio. One good thing is that nine days later Mark Sloane and Martin Kayne popped up on Radio Caroline North and continued to do great shows.

 

Religious programmes:

Daily: 1030-1045 Pause for Prayer: David Renny.

 

Sat: 2030-2100 Saturday Encounter(Brother Althorp)

Sun: 1400-1415 Sunday Storytime.(Brother Althorp)

 

Sat: 2130-2200 Encounter Daily 2155-2200(later 2355-2400) Thought at the end of the day(Jack Damon)

 

Mon-Sat 0700-0830 and 1200-1230; Sun 0930-1000, 1830-1900:

The World Tomorrow. Garner Ted Armstrong[4]

 

July 1967

 

Thursday, July 6th, 1967. Radio 227/355[5].

 

Transmission on 1322/845 kc.

 

Jose Feliciano live concert introduced by Tony Windsor and Tom Collins. Also appearance by Alan Black.

”During the concert the Dutch crew of the Laissez Faire went to join their companions on the tender and started drinking. By the time José was set to leave, two members of the crew were very drunk and didn’t want to come back on board. The British Captain who only gave the crew three cans of beer a day warned them that they had to get back on board. One of the crew,…went to attack the captain but was karate chopped to the deck, which sobered him up. He had to be restrained by the rest of the crew when he went after the captain again. During the night an extra tender came and replaced the crew on board with a relief crew”[6].

An SOS call is received by coastguards at Walton-on-the Naze: ”We have a man on board who is threatening murder, he has already assaulted the captain.” After a lot of discussion by the Royal Navy and Police it is finally decided if the Olga Patricia is in International Waters, then a warship should be sent in. Another message was received: ”I have told all my crew to lock themselves in their cabins for the night. The man is working himself up into a frenzy again, unless I have some assistance from the shore we will have a murder on board![7]

 

Friday, July 5th, 1967. Radio 227/355.

 

The Offshore 2 with a strong crew goes to the aid of the 17 men on the radio ship. Two Dutch crewmen sent back to Holland[8].

 

Saturday, July 8th, 1967. Radio 227/355.

 

Transmission on 1322/845 kc.

 

1300 Mark Sloane

1330- Repeat of Jose Feliciano live concert introduced by Tony Windsor and Tom Collins. Also appearance by Alan Black.

 

Sunday, July 9th, 1967. Radio 355.

 

Transmission on 845 kc.

 

1059-1119/1123-1142 Tony Monson, w Sheldon Jay interviewing Trini Lopez. (He was at the London Palladium March 12th, 1967, editor)

 

Tuesday, July 10th, 1967. Radio 227.

 

Transmission on 1322 kc.

 

1806-1858 Nightbeat w Look Boden incl. Top 10 rundown

 

 

Near the end for two offshore stations both with origins in Texas. The last programme schedule of “227” and for the other it’s less than a month left. The closure of “Big L” is announced in a newscast “you’ve all been waiting for”[9] on July 28th. From the ©Hans Knot’s archive.

 

Thursday, July 12th, 1967. Radio 227.

 

Transmission on 1322 kc.

 

0726-0800 Look Boden?

HERE WE GO AGAIN RAY CHARLES In het 30?
Jingle: Remember this Golden Classic

IT’S MY PARTY LESLEY GORE
WE HAD A GOOD THING GOING CYRKLE in onze Fab 40 #31
deze week von 40 tot 31..2 over half 8

Jingle:..Go-getter

onze station 227...

SUMMER IS HERE OUTSIDERS #34
TC: 6 over haalf 8

Jingle: Good morning the world is bright and new...Radio 227..

CREATED BY CLIVE THE SIN #46

TC: 10 over half 8 precis..

Jingle: Let’s look into the future time

HI HI HAZEL Troggs HP(Look Boden)

Jingle: Picks this hit to go go go

AD EEG KAPITAN MOBILE

SEE EMILY PLAY PINK FLOYD #8
TC: Kvaart voor 8

Dit is R.227 met het NIEUWS

News sounder from CRC/WFUN

Amerika Gen.Mobutu/Dean Rusk/3000 amerikaner in Kongo.

Israel vrijdenskonferentie

Hong Kong demonstratie tegen Britse bewint.

Nigeria

London 3000 in demonstratie over Nigeria

Weer

Dit was het nieuws.

JOHN VAN DOORN reporting..kvart voor 9.
JACKSON-NANCY SINATRA&LEE HAZLEWOOD

7 ROOMS OF GLOOM FOUR TOPS #15 in Fab 50

Jingle: dubi dub
Jingle: Time to get up get out of bed
TC: 1 voor 8

VRIENDEN VAN DE ZONNE? MARTINE BELL

HERE COMES THE NICE SMALL FACES #3 227 meter 1322 kc

Jingle: You’re on the new go go round

MR.MOVIEMAN DAVID GARRICK

 

Saturday, July 21st, 1967. Radio 227.

 

Transmission on 1322 kc.

 

1300 DJ shows ceased, and after taped music for 5 hours, an unconfirmed report says that Tony Windsor came on at

1800, made a brief farewell before it closed, and that was that[10].

 

Saturday, July 29th, 1967. Radio 355.

 

Transmission on 845 kc.

 

0958-1120 Tony Monson

1936-1948 John Aston

 

1900-2200

2130-2205(Right Saturday?-Editor)

 

Tony Windsor, Mark Sloane, Alan Black, David MacKay,(guests)David O’Brien, Tim

 

Parody on ”Carousel” Voice ”Derek Burroughs” by Mark Sloane and Alan Black:

 

”Derek Burroughs”: ”That’s Jimmy Feddler and trumpets with a song Lollipops and Roses.”

Alan Black: ”Oh, very good Sir. Very nice of you to come down to the studio on this very first broadcast... for several months now. I understand(you’ve had a)..soul condition.

(Mark Sloane playing ”DB”) ”That’s very true, Alan.

Alan Black: ”I guess you’re not too happy about the prospects of giving up your cabin you occupied for about a year. But I guess you are looking forward to going home.”

”DB”: I have to be truthful here and have to say I am looking forward to going back home to Los Angeles after nearly a year here in this wonderful country on this wonderful little boat...

”DB” then remembered former co-workers and mentioned Ted Delaney, Mark Stevens and Ron Rose!(The same person-editor)..

”Thank you Alan it’s been very nice talking to you here on 355...from my cabin as usual.”

Alan Black then commented that ”DB” did not say or talk much. ”You keep yourself to yourself!”...

Alan Black: ”Perhaps you’ll introduce our next record?”

”DB”: ”I’d love to!”

Vicky Carr: French on Top.

 

Dave MacKay: ”Once again thank you to our good friend and colleague Derek Burroughs...

I might add that Derek plays cards with us almost every night...”

Ad for Yvette

...

Trini Lopez: Hello Dolly(Spanish) form LP Live at Basin Street.

Mike Sarne Singers: Everybody loves Saturday Night. Alan Black referered to Ron Rose(above)”Head of Flower-Power in San Francisco.”

Clinton Ford: Dandy

Thoughts at the end of the Day

May Each Day Andy Williams

”The time is now 1 minute past 10 o’clock and this is Radio 355 closing down. We trust that you’ve enjoyed our programmes today and that you’ll be back again with us tomorrow when we resume our transmissions with Alan Black’s Breakfast Club at 6am. So on behalf of the entire staff of Radio 355 this is David MacKay wishing you wherever you may be a very quiet and peaceful goodnight. Goodnight everyone.”

GSTQ?

 

August 1967

 

Tuesday, August 1st, 1967. Radio 355.

 

Transmission on 845 kc.

 

1701-1820? Dave MacKay, Alan Black w AB Spree(7 mins)(1701-1747)                                 

 

Friday, August 4th, 1967. Radio 355.

 

Transmission on 845 kc.

 

06-09 Martin Kayne Breakfast Club 0625-0652, 0733-0819

0750 Revive your heart

        

Saturday, August 5th, 1967. Radio 355.

 

Transmission on 845 kc.

 

06-09 Martin Kayne Breakfast Club

09-12 Tony Monson 1152-1203

12-03 Mark Sloane(12.30 World Tomorrow)

15-18 Dave MacKay

1800-1900 Alan Black ”AB Spree” 18-1822 Last Alan Black show has a reference to Gary Stevens

1900-2000 355 Countryfied Alan Black/Tony Monson

2000-2100 Alan Black ”AB Spree” 2005-2030

22-0018 Sign Off programme Tony Windsor/Martin Kayne/John Aston[11]/Dave MacKay/Mark Sloane/Tony Monson[12]/Alan Black[13]/Silexene Paint Ad with Alan Black/Captain C.B. Lukehurst[14]/Mark Sloane on Tony Windsor/Chief Engineer Ted Walters[15]/Bob Gittis/Ted Allbeury.

 

Sunday, August 6th, 1967. Radio 355.

 

Transmission on 845 kc.

 

0000-0022 Sign Off programme

Back to Phil Champion:

”I tuned in around 2300 and heard TW. Dave MacKay came on at 2306 the Mark Sloane. 2319 Martin Kayne, TW at 2330. From 2345 TW presented the last show in company of the djs, the ship’s captain, and the chief engineer. Then TW said his personal farewell((1.44 mins.)after which a message on tape from Ted Allbeury was broadcast.(4.22)Then

Auld Lang Syne, vocal(Harry Secombe?)(1.44)

Djs shouting very cheerfully ”Goodbye!”

GSTQ(4.10)(till 0022 hrs)

Open carrier(0.45)

The carrier left the air for the last time.”

 

845 kc has housed Radio England, Britain Radio, and finally, Radio 355. This is the last sound of the two Continental transmitters in Europe, and for 5/7 years.

 

Tony Windsor: Offshore 1 leaves tomorrow morning at 8. We’ll arrive in Felixstowe at 10.30. For the fans of djs... Mr. &Mrs Smith of the Pier Hotel. Harwich..The Marlborough. Meant hospitality and great comfort to djs.

 

Dave MacKay stayed on board for a time for the run-down process[16].

 

Comment by editor: The final broadcasting hours from the Olga Patricia and close-down of Radio 355 was undoubtedly a sad occasion despite Martin Kayne’s mention of a ”party atmosphere” in his final mini-show just after 10pm. But it was also a great moment in British Broadcasting, that also was to mark the final minutes of broadcasting from the late Tony Windsor. He had broadcast on Radio Atlanta and Radio Caroline South as Tony Withers, and of course as Tony Windsor on Radio London’s 9-12am show until February 1967 before coming to the Olga as programme director for the twin stations there. As he’d said forget Radio England” the year before because of the ”Boss Jocks” term[17], it’s a bit ironic that he was the last live voice on the Olga, but it was fitting, too. TW had its challenges in life as it’s well known. Here we want to honour him as a great broadcaster and an important symbol of the British offshore radio period.

 

Here are his final words:

”Time for me to say goodbye. I don’t know what I’m going to say. You know, you rehearse these things, but it’s ridiculous because..ah..so many memories..ah..How can I thank the boys I’ve worked with..ah..from the start I’ve thanked them personally so I don’t want to thank them over the air, that would be embarrassing but I’ve made many friends among them and you the people out there and all the stations I’ve worked for. I want to thank you very sincerely for your kindnes, what a great experience it’s been for me an Australian coming here being able to broadcast to millions and I was only used to thousands...true, to millions...to millions...when you close the switch. I do thank you and I think in the future wherever I get lonely and that’s highly probable. The faces of all the people I’ve worked with, the memories, the friends that I’ve made among the listeners. I hope that at that the height of my loneliness comes flooding back to me and so instantanously ease that loneliness. I won’t forget you and thank you. Ladies and Gentlemen: this is your man with the music Tony Windsor saying: ’See you around’, like a record, like a bell, a bell? Yes, ship’s bell. I get confused. Good night..Goodbye(pause)-and God bless you! And now our Managing Director Ted Allbeury.

 

 

Edward ”Ted” Allbeury in Radio News(in London Weekly Advertiser and National Advertiser) of February 21st, 1967.  Photo: Unknown.

 

Saturday, August 19th, 1967

 

The Caroline South djs on the “Mi Amigo” after August 14th, 1967, of which ”Spangles Muldoon” was one, has been wondering why the Radio England vessel “Olga Patricia” has remained at anchor. There has been talk that with Radio London’s ship ”Galaxy” now gone, Don Pierson wants to put ”Swinging Radio England” back on the air[18].  But the radio ship this day leaves for Holland.

 

Thursday, September 1st, 1967

 

The radio ship leaves Vlissingen in South Holland for the Azores.

 

Thursday, September 15th, 1967

 

The radio ship waits for a taker off the Azores[19].

 

Thursday, September 22nd, 1967

 

The radio ship arrived in Miami with a broken antenna(3rd time antenna damage).

 

 

3 times antenna damages. This is the second round. In Zaandam, Holland, March, 1967 for repairs. Is it Dave MacKay and Alan Black up front on the ship? Photo: Dutch Press.

 

Early 1970

 

The radio ship is still intact in Miami, says press report[20].

 



[1] For more on ”The World Tomorrow” see http://www.hwa-research.com/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_W._Armstrong

This radio program and the ”Worldwide Church of God” may have been more important in the history of the offshore radio stations and for the stations founded by Don Pierson than has been recognized so far. Broadcast daily on Radio London and Britain Radio/Radio 355 and presented by Garner Ted Armstrong, this program was founded by his father, Herbert W.Armstrong. Originally a Seventh-Day adventist, HWA formed a breakaway group under the name ”Radio Church of God”, preaching his messages on commercial radio stations in the USA, gradually growing to other parts of the world. The ”WT” advertised a Time-sized(and styled)magazine called the Plain Truth. Theologically, Armstrong differed from the Christian Church by denying the Trinity while recognizing Jesus. Besides of this vital point, ”Armstrongism” added the belief that the USA, British Commonwealth and Western Europe composed the legacy of the ”The Ten Lost Tribes” of ancient Israel. This sectarian view was also utilized politically. Armstrong was warning since before the end of WW2 against a German-led United Europe would rise again like the old Roman Empire with another dictator at his head. When HWA died in 1986, his entire organization fell apart.(© Eric Gilder, p.107-108)

Kenny Everett’s send-up of the ”WT” programme for which he got sacked from Radio London, is well-known. More information in ”Ben Toney interview”, (©OFFSHORE ECHOS #112, November, 98)and the ”Fab 40” section on Mary Payne’s radiolondon.co.uk page

http://www.radiolondon.co.uk/rl/scrap60/fabforty/jun66/june661/fab050666.html

[2] This format seems to have been quite well liked in Holland because 227 had better coverage than Veronica.

[3] From ©Hans Knot’s archive

[4]Ted Allbeury offered to shut down Radio 227 and make Radio 355 broadcasting full time the programs of Ambassador College at Bricket Wood, Herts. The college near Watford and St Albans ran what was at that time a pirate ‘Radio Ambassador’ from the studio on the grounds and into a transmitter hooked into the college's electricity grid. Anyone with a transistor radio on the grounds who was near to a power cable could tune in the station. However, this offer was turned down because the British Government informed the British college that if it continued to broadcast from offshore after August 14, the British Government would close down the college. Herbert W. Armstrong railed at the government and claimed that the stations were ©neither ‘pirates’ nor illegal. But nothing came of this. Instead Armstrong announced he was going on a new super-power station from West Germany. However, those plans came to nothing and Armstrong turned to buying full page newspaper and magazine pages in the British press instead. ©Gilder in Knot’s International Report)

[5] See more in ”Radio 227 Memories” presented by Dick Weeda in Chapter 4.

[6] Dick Weeda.

[7]  ©The Radio England File. Music Radio Promotions, 1977.

[8]  ©The Radio England File. Music Radio Promotions, 1977.

[9]  Ed Stewart live on 1137,5 kc.

[10] Like SRE, the closedown of 227 was very sudden and might have coincided on the day the contract with the Dutch side ran out.

[11] Joined on June 27th, 1967.

[12] Tony Monson came to the UK from work at ZBM Hamilton, Bermuda May 1967. Told about his time on ZBM Radio.

[13] Incl. a parody cut on Jimmy Savile: ”Radio Pinafore”. Joined in September last year from Radio Scotland. Mentioned Boom Boom Brannigan/Bill Berry/Bruce Wayne/Mark Stevens/Ed Moreno/Phil Martin/Jack Curtiss. I hope they’ve all gone on to greener pastures. After record by Big Ben Banjo Band: When I first came to the Laissez Faire I worked for the other station Swinging Radio England. We really had to swing. We played the Tamla Sound. The Elgins Put yourself in my place. ”Just one fine example of the sounds you could hear on Radio England. But of course in November of 1966 England swang no more and was replaced by Radio Dolfijn. And when they said ”Postbus 1390 in Amsterdam”(Postal address of Radio 227-editor) the listeners on the continent really did respond.”

[14] TW: ”Not Luke Hurst!” Good evening Tony and everybody”. Then said he had more than 6 months onboard in command of a floating radio station and found it hard to say goodbye. He mentioned these crew members: Chief Engineer Tony Fisher, Jack Wayne, Gerard Nievenhuys, Jan Zaan, Jan de Kersey, Jaap Kokker for all their good work onboard this vessel, also his past crews, especially his agent on shore, Mr. Niles Martin of Harwich. We shall all miss the radio personnell on board and I should all like to wish them all the best for the future. With the closing of this station we have all lost the pleasure of listening to 355 and with it just another little bit of freedom and life. To all our listeners goodluck and goodbye.” Later regards to Coast Guard and Walton Lifeboat.

[15] Announced by Tony Windsor as the one who made ”the first announcement on offshore radio”! Chief engineer on 355 for a long time, previously on Caroline. ”During the 31/2 years I do hope that someone somewhere have enjoyed my efforts. Sitting in front of me, not my son, it’s Bob Gittis. Thank you Bob.”(silence) Bob Gittis: ”It’s been a happy time right through. Not regretted any moment, well, regrets now of course.” TW: Mention of Frank Campbell. Sad thing with 227 close. Regards to Lex Harding, Tom Collins, Dick Weeda, Harky, John van Doorn. Bright future.

[16] ©Steve England.

[17] ©Steve England.

[18] Interview by svennam  with Chris Cary in Radio Nova’s Dublin 19th Herbert Street headquarters in July 1983.

[19] Abilene Reporter-News September 15th, 1967. Photo from the Pierson family collection, kindly provided by ©Grey Pierson.

[20] "Last Voyage of A Musical Pirate" Miami Herald "Tropic" magazine, February 22, 1970. via Eric Gilder.